Layout and design for a parking lot should be guided by the goal to provide a safe environment for the motoring public in which to drive, park and walk in relative safety to their destination. 20% of all insurance claims filed have their beginnings in a parking lot. The next important consideration is to maximize the parking slots without causing frustration or anger on behalf of its users which can be caused by very narrow aisles or aisles that dead-end without a way to turn around.
Permits: Your parking lot must be constructed in compliance with all local, state, and federal codes before construction can even begin. All necessary permits and approvals must be secured. The city or county requires a blueprint design that specifies drainage plans, foundation specifics, what kind of asphalt mix, thickness of asphalt layer, layout design of emergency access, handicap spaces and striping (pavement marking). In many rural areas, properties are less likely to be regulated by city and county specifications so a professional asphalt paving contractor can build a parking lot in accordance with industry standards yet based on your specifications. For information on asphalt paving services offered in Hunterdon County click here!
Drainage can’t be stressed enough when planning a parking lot, it must be designed to sweep rain water away from the parking lot surface even in the event of a heavy rain. Drainage can take the form of underground catch basins, drainage ponds or culverts running along the parking lot edges. A newer technique Biorentention Island catches and treats parking lot runoff with the use of basins. The island contains a depression of about 6 to 8 inches deep in which to pond water but also has an overflow outlet to drain excess water in case of very heavy rain. Storm water is absorbed by the island soil which filters and cleans it before it becomes part of the ground water.
Parking lots need to be designed to carry traffic loads equivalent to what might be expected. Shopping centers, medical centers, office buildings and light industrial might be at a lighter load than a home improvement center or a bus depot. However, it should be understood that most, if not all, are subject to some heavy truck traffic, such as garbage trucks and delivery trucks.
Handicap Spaces are Required
Building Asphalt Speed Bump
Van Accessible Space
Special Needs Compliance
Small parking lots are required to have 1 handicap accessible space for every 25 to 50 spaces.
Large parking lots with more than 1000 parking spaces require 20 handicap accessible spaces plus 1 more for each additional 100 spaces.
The best designed parking lots are those that meet the needs of its users, such as a medical complex, residential facility or hospital may require more handicap spaces that are van accessible meaning a space that is 132 inches wide with a 60-inch access aisle. Generally, one out of every 8 handicap accessible spaces 1 must be a Van accessible space.
The cost to install a parking lot depends mostly upon the size of the parking lot. Other factors that impact cost include: land clearing, adequate drainage that will handle heavy rainfall, any soil improvements made to strengthen parking lot subbase support, type of asphalt mix and local labor costs. In the case of a parking lot rebuild, removal of the old parking lot will raise the costs. For information on asphalt paving install services offered in Trenton click here!
Removal of an Old Asphalt Parking Lot
Milling and Removal of an Old Asphalt Parking Lot
Removal of an old Parking Lot
Parking lot removal requires specifically designed heavy machinery to rip out old asphalt normally done as a preclude to a parking lot replacement project. The estimator for the paving contractor should walk the entire site checking for potential problems with machinery access and underground utility lines. They should discuss how the area will be left when the work is done:
Will the site be graded and leveled?
Will the layer of top soil be strengthened with additives?
How many inches of gravel will be left?
Old tired parking lot asphalt removed will be recycled at a local asphalt mix plant. Portions of the recycled asphalt will be mixed with fresh asphalt to develop different strengths of asphalt mixes. Asphalt is a very earth friendly product as it never needs to find its way to a county dump.
Jersey Strong Paving machinery is routinely maintained so no worries over equipment breakdowns to slow down the projects schedules. We are also properly insured, bonded, and licensed in the state of New Jersey.
Costs to Remove an Old brittle Parking Lot
Costs to remove an old brittle parking lot depend on, of course, how large the lot is, how deep the asphalt layers are, how many obstacles need to be moved or moved around and if the subbase is to be removed.
Utility companies must mark any underground lines on the property. Drainage catch basins under the parking lot must be taken into consideration and a decision should be made whether to maintain or replace them. This ability to keep or discard the drainage system will also detract or add to the total costs of a new parking lot.